66 - You Can Chain My Leg: Epictetus
The greatest of the Roman Stoics is Epictetus, arguably the first thinker to discuss the nature of human will, and author of some of the most powerful and demanding ethical writings in history.
A good translation of Epictetus is C. Gill and R. Hard (eds), The Discourses and Handbook of Epictetus (London: 1995).
• A. Dihle, The Theory of the Will in Classical Antiquity (Berkeley: 1982).
• C. Kahn, “Discovering the Will: from Aristotle to Augustine,” in J.M. Dillon and A.A. Long (eds), The Question of Eclecticism (Berkeley: 1988), 234-59.
• A.A. Long, Epictetus: a Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life (Oxford: 2002).
• T. Scaltsas and A.S. Mason (eds), The Philosophy of Epictetus (Oxford: 2007).
• W.O. Stephens, “Epictetus on How the Stoic Sage Loves,” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 14 (1996), 193–210.