176 - A Man for all Seasons: al-Ṭūsī
Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s controversial career sees him adopt and then abandon Ismā'īlism, team up with the Mongols, and offer a staunch defense of Avicenna.
• S.J. Badakhchani (trans.), Contemplation and Action: The Spiritual Autobiography of a Muslim Scholar (London: 1998).
• S.J. Badakhchani (trans.), Paradise of Submission: a Medieval Treatise on Ismaili Thought (London: 2005).
• G.M. Wickens (trans.), The Nasirean Ethics (London: 1964).
• P. Morewedge (trans.), The Metaphysics of Ṭūsī (New York: 1991).
• H. Dabashi, “The Philosopher/Vizier Khwājah Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī and the Ismā'īlīs,” in F. Daftary (ed.), Medieval Ismaʿili History and Thought (Cambridge: 1996), 231-45.
• F. Daftary, “Nasir al-Din al-Tusi and the Ismailis,” in F. Daftary, Ismailis in Medieval Muslim Societies (London: 2005), 171-82.
• W. Madelung, “Nasir al-Din Tusi’s Ethics Between Philosophy, Shi‘ism, and Sufism,” in R.G. Hovannisian (ed.) Ethics in Islam (Malibu: 1985), 85-101.
• T. Mayer, “Fakhr ad-Dīn ar-Rāzī’s Critique of Ibn Sīnā’s Argument for the Unity of God in the Ishārāt and Naṣīr ad-Dīn aṭ-Ṭūsī’s Defence,” in D.C. Reisman (ed.), Before and After Avicenna (Leiden: Brill, 2003), 199-218.
• R. Wisnovsky, "On the Emergence of Maragha Avicennism," Oriens 46 (2018), 263-331.