51. I Read Men and Nations: Sojourner Truth and Frances Harper

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The moral crusades of Sojourner Truth and Frances Harper, activists against racial and gender oppression.



Further Reading

• F. Smith Foster (ed.), A Brighter Coming Day: A Frances Ellen Watkins Harper Reader (New York: 1990).

• M. Graham (ed.), Complete Poems of Frances E.W. Harper (New York: 1988).

• S. Truth with O. Gilbert and F. Titus, Narrative of Sojourner Truth (New York: 1998).


• M.J. Boyd, Discarded Legacy: Politics and Poetics in the Life of Frances E.W. Harper 1825-1911 (Detroit: 1994).

• C. Mabee with S. Mabee Newhouse, Sojourner Truth: Slave, Prophet, Legend (New York: 1993).

• N.I. Painter, Sojourner Truth: A Life, A Symbol (New York: 1996).

• M. Stancliffe, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper: African American Reform Rhetoric and the rise of a Modern Nation State (New York: 2011).

• E. Stetson and L. David, Glorying in Tribulation: the Lifework of Sojourner Truth (East Lansing: 1994).

• M. Washington, “Going ‘Where They Dare Not Follow’: Race, Religion, and Sojourner Truth’s Early Interracial Reform,” Journal of African American History 98 (2013), 48-71.

• T.C. Zackodnik, “‘I Don’t Know How You Will Feel When I Get through’: Racial Difference, Woman’s Rights, and Sojourner Truth,” Feminist Studies 30 (2004), 49-73.

Online: text of Sojourner Truth, "Ar'nt I a Woman?"

Online: text of Frances Harper, “We Are All Bound Up Together


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