37. Liberty, Equality, Humanity: The Haitian Revolution

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In an age of revolutions and revolutionary ideas, the Haitian Revolution of 1791-1804 stands out as the most radical of them all.



Further Reading

• N. Nesbitt (ed.), Toussaint L’Ouverture: The Haitian Revolution (London: 2008).


• S. Buck-Morss, “Hegel and Haiti,” Critical Inquiry 26 (2000), 821-65.

• L. Dubois, Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution (Cambridge MA: 2004).

• C. Forsdick and C. Høgsbjerg (eds), The Black Jacobins Reader (Durham: 2017).

• D.P. Geggus (ed.), The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World (Columbia SC: 2001).

• D.P. Geggus, Haitian Revolutionary Studies (Bloomington: 2002).

• C.L.R. James, The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution, second edition (New York: 1989).

• N. Nesbitt, Universal Emancipation: The Haitian Revolution and the Radical Enlightenment (Charlottesville: 2008).

• L. Sala-Molins, Dark Side of the Light: Slavery and the French Enlightenment, trans. J. Conteh-Morgan (Minneapolis: 2006).

• D. Scott, Conscripts of Modernity: The Tragedy of Colonial Enlightenment (Durham: 2004).


Jim Young on 24 October 2019


As evidence of the impact of the Haitian revolution on the consciousness of blacks in the antebellum American South, there is in the affluent Nashville suburb of Franklin, Tennessee a slave cemetery named in honor of Toussaint L'Overture.  

Emily on 25 October 2019


I wonder - two or three centuries from now - who will be immortalized as leaders of the global #MeToo revolution. I'd like to believe L'Ouverture would have been a champion of his sisters' - as well as his brothers' - liberty, equality, and humanity had he lived in our time.

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