52. Great White North: Emigration to Canada
Mary Ann Shadd and Samuel Ringgold Ward reflect on what Canada can offer African Americans, differing on the problem of racism.
• N.D. Dennie (ed.), Mary Ann Shadd Cary: Essential Writings of a Nineteenth-Century Black Radical Feminist (Oxford: 2023).
• M.A. Shadd, A Plea for Emigration; or Notes of Canada West, ed. Phanuel Antwi (Peterborough: 2016).
• S.R. Ward, Autobiography of a Fugitive Negro (London: 1855).
• E.L. Ball, To Live an Antislavery Life: Personal Politics and the Antebellum Black Middle Class (Athens: 2012), chapter 2.
• G.E. Clarke, Odysseys Home: Mapping African-Canadian Literature (Toronto: 2002).
• E-A. Jabouin, "Writing (Black) Canadian Citizenship: Mary Ann Shadd Cary, the Political Imaginary, and Experience in 19th-Century Canada West," in N. Reid-Maroney, B. Ebanda de B'beri, and W. Thomas Bernard (eds), Women in the "Promised Land": Essays in African Canadian History (Toronto: 2018), 13-42.
• J. Rhodes, Mary Ann Shadd Cary: The Black Press and Protest in the Nineteenth Century (Bloomington: 1998).
• W. Siemerling, The Black Atlantic Reconsidered: Black Canadian Writing, Cultural History, and the Presence of the Past (Montreal: 2015).
• N. Solomon, "Calling to Her Brethren: Immigration, Race, and Female Representation in the Life and Writings of Mary Ann Shadd Cary," in Women in the "Promised Land": Essays in African Canadian History, 211-230.
• E. Tamarkin, "Black Anglophilia; or, The Sociability of Antislavery," American Literary History 14 (2002): 444-478.
• R. Walcott, "'Who is She and What is She to You?': Mary Ann Shadd Cary and the (Im)possibility of Black/Canadian Studies," in R. Walcott (ed), Rude: Contemporary Black Canadian Cultural Criticism (Toronto: 2000), 27-47.
• R.W. Winks, The Blacks in Canada: A History, 2d ed. (Montreal: 1997).