13. Grand Illusion: Dharma and Deception in the Mahabharata
The great Hindu epic Mahābhārata explores moral dilemmas and the permissibilty of lying, against the background of the ethical concept of dharma.
J.D. Smith (abridged and trans.), The Mahābhārata (London: 2009).
J.A.B. van Buitenen et al. (trans.), The Mahābhārata (Chicago: 1973-).
J. Brockington, The Sanskrit Epics (Leiden: 1998).
D. Gitomer, “King Duryodhana: the Mahābhārata Discourse of Sinning and Virtue in the Epic and Drama,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 112 (1992), 222-32.
A. Hiltebeitel, Rethinking the Mahābhārata: a Reader’s Guide to the Education of the Dharma King (Chicago: 2001).
A. Hiltebeitel, Dharma: Its Early History in Law, Religion, and Narrative (Oxford: 2011).
B.K. Matilal, Epics and Ethics (Oxford University Press, 2002) [esp ch. 4: “Elusiveness and Ambiguity in Dharma-Ethics”, ch.8: “Kṛṣṇa: In Defense of a Devious Divinity”]
B.K. Matilal, (ed.), Moral Dilemmas in the Mahābhārata (Delhi: 1989).
See also Journal of Indian Philosophy 32 (2004): a special issue devoted to dharma.