• A.Q. Ahmed, “Logic in the Khayrābādī School of India: a Preliminary Exploration,” in M. Cook et al (eds), Law and Tradition in Classical Islamic Thought (New York: 2013), 227-43.
• S. Akkach, Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulusi: Islam and the Enlightenment (Oxford: 2007).
• A. Bein, “A ‘Young Turk’ Islamic Intellectual: Filibeli Ahmed Hilmi and the Diverse Intellectual Legacies of the Ottoman Empire,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 39 (2007), 607-25.
• K. El-Rouayheb, “The Myth of the Triumph of Fanaticism in the Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Empire,” Die Welt des Islams 48 (2008), 196-221.
• A. Hammond, Late Ottoman Origins of Modern Islamic Thought: Turkish and Egyptian Thinkers on the Disruption of Islamic Knowledge (Cambridge: 2022).
• S. Hanioğlu, The Young Turks in Opposition (Oxford: 1995).
• M.K. Hermansen, “Shāh Walī Allāh of Delhi’s Ḥujjat Allāh al-Bāligha: Tension Between the Universal and the Particular in an Eighteenth-Century Islamic Theory of Religious Revelation,” Studia Islamica 63 (1986), 143-57.
• E. Özdalga (ed.), Late Ottoman Society: the Intellectual Legacy (London: 2005).
• M. Sait Özervarli, “Alternative Approaches to Modernization in the Late Ottoman Period: Izmirli Ismail Hakki’s Religious Thought Against Materialism Scientism,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 39 (2007), 77-102.
Image for this podcast
The photo in the upper right is of Abdullah Cevdet, one of the late Ottoman thinkers discussed in this episode. The first time I'm using a photograph of a thinker for an episode page!
Access to European works
Just curious, how easy would it have been for thinkers in this era to get their hands on recent works of European thinkers?
Getting at European works
Well, pretty easy I think - pretty much every late Ottoman intellectual I read up on was influenced by European thought in one way or another. I couldn't give you the details but I suppose that printed books were widely dispersed among at least the literatti.
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