44. Religion and Pure Principles: Maria W. Stewart

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Maria W. Stewart’s public addresses bring the concerns of African American women into the struggle against racial prejudice.



Further Reading

• M. Richardson (ed.), Maria W. Stewart: America’s First Black Woman Political Writer (Bloomington: 1988).


• K.C. Bassard, Spiritual Interrogations: Culture, Gender, and Community in Early African American Women’s Writing (Princeton: 1999).

• J.A. Carter, "The Insurrectionist Challenge to Pragmatism Maria W. Stewart's Feminist Insurrectionist Ethics," Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 49 (2013): 54-73.

• V.C. Cooper, Word, Like Fire: Maria Stewart, the Bible, and the Rights of African Americans (Charlottesville: 2011).

• P. Giddings, When and Where I Enter: the Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America (New York: 1984).

• C. Henderson, "Sympathetic Violence: Maria Stewart's Antebellum Vision of African American Resistance," MELUS 38 (2013), 52-75.

• B.J. Loewenberg and R. Bogin, Black Women in Nineteenth-Century American Life (University Park: 1976).

• M. Richardson, “‘What If I Am a Woman?’ Maria W. Stewart's Defense of Black Women’s Political Activism,” in D.M. Jacobs (ed.), Courage and Conscience: Black and White Abolitionists in Boston (Bloomington: 1993).

• D. Sterling, We Are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century (New York: 1984).

• R. Streitmatter, “Maria W. Stewart: Firebrand of the Abolition Movement,” in Raising Her Voice: African-American Woman Journalists Who Changed History (Lexington: 1994), 15-24.


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