57. Learn by Doing: Tantra

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Philosophy is put into practice in Kashmir Śaivite Tantra and Buddhist Tantra.



Further Reading

• L. Bansat-Boudon and K. Tripathi, An introduction to Tantric philosophy: the Paramārthasāra of Abhinavagupta with the commentary of Yogarāja (London: 2013).

• D.L. Snellgrove (trans.), The Hevajra Tantra: a Critical Study (London: 1959).


• M. Basu, Fundamentals of the Philosophy of Tantras (Calcutta: 1986).

• A. Bharati, The Tantric Tradition (New York: 1975).

• N.N. Bhattacharyya, History of the Tantric Religion (New Delhi: 1999).

• K. Mishra, Kashmir Śaivism: the Central Philosophy of Tantrism (Cambridge MA: 1993).

• P.E. Muller-Ortega, The Triadic Heart of Śiva: Kaula Tantricism of Abhinavagupta in the Non-Dual Shaivism of Kashmir (Albany: 1989).

• A. Padoux, Vāc: The Concept of the Word in Selected Hindu Tantras, trans. J. Gontier (Albany: 1990).

• A. Sanderson, “The Śaiva Literature,” Journal of Indological Studies 24-25 (2012–13, 2014), 1–113.

• C.D. Wallis, Tantra Illuminated: the Philosophy, History, and Practice of a Timeless Tradition (San Rafael CA: 2013).

• R. Yelle, Explaining Mantras: Ritual, Rhetoric, and the Dream of a Natural Language in Hindu Tantra (London: 2003).

Thanks to Robert Yelle for his helpful advice on this episode!


Ed Totten on 22 January 2018

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Peter Adamson on 22 January 2018

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