11 - All You Need is Love, and Five Other Things: Empedocles

Peter discusses the Presocratic philosopher Empedocles and his principles: Love, Strife, and the four “roots,” or elements.

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Further Reading: 

P. Curd, “A New Empedocles? Implications of the Strasburg Fragments for Presocratic Philosophy,” in Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, 17 (2001), 27-50.

D.W. Graham, “Symmetry in the Empedoclean Cycle,” Classical Quarterly 38 (1988), 297-312.

A. Martin and O. Primavesi, L'Empédocle de Strasbourg (Berlin: 1999).

D. O’Brien, Empedocles’ Cosmic Cycle (Cambridge: 1969).

D. O’Brien, “Empedocles Revisited,” in Ancient Philosophy, 15 (1995), 403–470.

O. Primavesi, “The Structure of Empedocles’ Cosmic Cycle: Aristotle and the Byzantine Anonymous,” in A.L. Pierris (ed.), The Empedoclean Kosmos: Structure, Process and the Question of Cyclicity (Patras: Institute for Philosophical Research, 2005), 245-64.

Stanford Encyclopedia: Empedocles

Classic Persuasion: Empedocles

Renee Vaughn's picture

Very Bosch

As in Hieronymus.

How cool to have discovered the original work. Call me a geek, but I got chills.

Good reference for book nerds- all about how our brains had to develop to read and the inventions that helped us do it (and shaped society as a result). And science still has no clue how we do it!

A History of Reading, Alberto Manguel

Is there a reference for the paintings you use? I recognize some.

Peter Adamson's picture


I get pretty much all the images off of Wikicommons, which makes free-to-use material available (they have music and other media too).