Relativism

14 - Making the Weaker Argument the Stronger: the Sophists

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In this episode, Peter Adamson discusses the sophists, teachers of rhetoric in ancient Athens, looking especially at the contributions of Protagoras and Gorgias.

22 - I Know, Because the Caged Bird Sings: Plato's Theaetetus

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Peter examines Plato’s "Theaetetus", discussing the relativist doctrine of Protagoras, the flux doctrine of Heraclitus, and the two famous images of the wax tablet and aviary.

48. Taking Perspective: the Jain Theory of Standpoints

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The Jain theory of standpoints or non-onesidedness (anekāntavāda) makes truth a matter of perspective.

49. Well Qualified: the Jains on Truth

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Does the Jain theory of seven predications (saptabhaṇgī) land them in self-contradiction, or help them to avoid it?

50. Marie-Hélène Gorisse on Jain Epistemology

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We're joined by Marie-Hélène Gorisse for a look at the Jain theory of knowledge.

78. Freedom Through Art: Alain Locke

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The aesthetics of Alain Locke and its basis in his theory of value judgments.

79. Leonard Harris on Alain Locke

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Leonard Harris explains how Locke's value theory was the basis for his aesthetics and theories of democracy and race.