8. Confucius Says: Reading the Analects

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Lessons we can take from the teachings of Kongzi (Confucius) in the Analects: challenging authorities, adhering to “benevolence (ren),” and practicing “propriety (li)” in ritual and everyday life.



Further Reading

• J. Legge (trans.), Shoo King, in The Chinese Classics, vol. III (Taipei: 1966).

• E. Slingerland (trans.), Confucius: Analects (Indianapolis: 2003).


• W.T. deBary, The Trouble with Confucianism, (Massachusetts: 1991).

• A. Olberding (ed.), Dao Companion to the Analects (Dordrecht: 2014).

• A. Olberding, “Etiquette: A Confucian Contribution to Moral Philosophy,” Ethics 126 (2016), 422-46.

• W. Sung, “Xiang Yuan (Village Worthies): The Appearance-only Hypocrite,” Dao 15 (2016),175-92.


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